Web 1.0 and Web 2.0
This was the first version of the Web. Tim Berners-Lee conceptualized and created it to enable sharing of data to a global audience. This version consists of static interconnected pages and was a database of content available digitally. A few people created web pages and it was available to a large audience. Instead of the huge volumes of an encyclopedia, that were heavy and expensive, the Internet made it possible for users to get information for free. It was an information-sharing platform.
Although users could view information using the Internet, they could not react to it. This led to the evolution of the web into Web 2.0.
These days, the most widely used version of the web is Web 2.0. It is an interactive version of the earlier Web 1.0. Users are now able to create their content and share it online. They can also interact with the content using various tools. With the availability of mediums like social media, blogs, video blogs (or vlogs) podcasts, and more, users are now active participants on the web. Hence, it creates huge volumes of data.
The downside of this is that this user-generated data is owned and controlled by the platform where this content is generated. Moreover, these platforms collect additional information from users for their database. This has led to various incidents of security threats and data manipulation in the past. The Facebook-Cambridge Analytical data scandal
, Project Nightingale
, and IBM’s Photo-Scraping scandal
are prime examples of this. Security breaches are constantly monitored by organizations like Have I Been Pwned
These scandals have given rise to the need for an internet where data privacy is important and control is given to users, as opposed to organizations.